Volume 29, Issue 6 e202202723
Review

Advanced Covalent Organic Frameworks for Multi-Valent Metal Ion Batteries

Xiao-Xi Luo

Xiao-Xi Luo

Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, 130024 P. R. China

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Xiao-Tong Wang

Xiao-Tong Wang

MOE Key Laboratory for UV Light-Emitting Materials and Technology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, 130024 P. R. China

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Dr. Edison Huixiang Ang

Dr. Edison Huixiang Ang

Natural Sciences and Science Education, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 637616 Singapore

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Kai-Yang Zhang

Kai-Yang Zhang

MOE Key Laboratory for UV Light-Emitting Materials and Technology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, 130024 P. R. China

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Xin-Xin Zhao

Xin-Xin Zhao

MOE Key Laboratory for UV Light-Emitting Materials and Technology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, 130024 P. R. China

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Dr. Hong-Yan Lü

Corresponding Author

Dr. Hong-Yan Lü

Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, 130024 P. R. China

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Prof. Xing-Long Wu

Corresponding Author

Prof. Xing-Long Wu

Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, 130024 P. R. China

MOE Key Laboratory for UV Light-Emitting Materials and Technology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun, 130024 P. R. China

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First published: 17 October 2022
Citations: 2

Graphical Abstract

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) offer an opportunity for complex structural design and specific functional development, facilitating, for example, the applications of multi-valent metal ion batteries (Zn2+, Mg2+, Al3+). This comprehensive review describes COF synthesis and applications, provides advances in topology design and synthetic reactions, surveys the application of COFs in multi-valent ion batteries, discusses the key issues of COF electrodes, and predicts future applications.

Abstract

Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have received increased interest in recent years as an advanced class of materials. By virtue of the available monomers, multiple conformations and various linkages, COFs offer a wide range of opportunities for complex structural design and specific functional development of materials, which has facilitated the widespread application in many fields, including multi-valent metal ion batteries (MVMIBs), described as the attractive candidate replacing lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). With their robust skeletons, diverse pores, flexible structures and abundant functional groups, COFs are expected to help realize a high performance MVMIBs. In this review, we present an overview of COFs, describe advances in topology design and synthetic reactions, and study the application of COFs in MVMIBs, as well as discuss challenges and solutions in the preparation of COFs electrodes, in the hope of providing constructive insights into the future direction of COFs.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Data Availability Statement

The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.